CLIMATE CHANGE AND GENDER BASED VULNERABILITY NEXUS: AN EVIDENCE FROM CYCLONIC STORM SURGES AREA OF BANGLADESH
Climate change and gender based vulnerability nexus
This study explored vulnerability of women livelihood in Maheshkhali Island through applying Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI). Two focus group discussion along with a household survey were done to collect necessary information. Salt production was the main source of income of 68% of the sample households. The overall LVI was found 0.44 means that women livelihoods are moderately vulnerable to cyclonic storm surges. The index was highest in financial capital and lowest in human capital. Among the components, finance and incomes, knowledge and skills and land were the most vulnerable components whereas social involvement and livelihood strategies were the least vulnerable components among the major components for women in the study area. Mud-structure houses, storing dry foods for future and taking refuge in cyclone shelter were the popular coping practices of women to cope to cyclone. In order to reduce existing level of vulnerability formal and informal education, saline tolerant crop varieties and cyclone shelters were the most important adaptation needed by women in the survey area.