ECONOMICS OF TRADITIONAL CASSAVA PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY AMONG SMALL-HOLDER FEMALE CASSAVA PROCESSORS IN DELTA NORTH AGRICULTURAL ZONE, DELTA STATE NIGERIA
Economics of Traditional Cassava Processing Technology
The study determined the economics of traditional cassava processing technology among small-holder female cassava processors in delta North Agricultural Zone, Delta State Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select 60 cassava processors in the study area. Qualitative and quantitative techniques were used to analyze the information obtained from the questionnaire survey. To determine the profitability of traditional cassava processing among female cassava processors in the study area, average of 5,000kg of cassava tubers was measured and used per processors within the year under study. The result also indicated that the processors were well experienced (mean experience of 24.70 years) and were low income earners with a mean income of =N=333,383 ($952.52). The findings also revealed that the variable cost components constituted the major cost components the by-products obtained. The result also indicated that garri, starch, akpu and abacha were the main products obtained from processing cassava and that garri/starch was the most profitable by-product of cassava with a net profit of N 71,191.50 ($203.44) followed byakpu N 48,832 ($139.55) and abcha N 60,452 ($172.73) respectively. The return on investment indicated that traditional cassava processing technology in the study area was profitable. Based on the finding of the study, it was recommended that traditional cassava processors in the study area should form co-operation societies pull their resources together in other to enjoy the benefits of economics of scale as well as benefits arising from government programmes. It also recommended that government-private sector intervention should be encouraged. Public enlightenment campaign on the profitability of cassava processing also recommended to be carried out.