LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY REARING BY SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN HAOR AREAS IN BANGLADESH: IMPACT ON FOOD SECURITY AND POVERTY ALLEVIATION
Livestock and Poultry Rearing by Smallholder Farmers
This study aims at assessing the potentiality of increasing livestock and poultry rearing by smallholder farmers in haor areas to improve food security condition and poverty alleviation of people. This study was carried out in 200 smallholder farmers rearing livestock in two upazilas (sub-district), namely Juri of Moulvibazar and Madan of Netrokona district. Both descriptive and functional analysis have been carried out. Result reveals that the average annual family income was BDT 254323 where average annual family expenditure was BDT 235775. Average daily per capita consumption of rice and all food items respectively are 397g and 1149g. Daily per capita calorie and protein intakes are respectively 2445 Kcal and 82g respectively of the haor people. People consume almost all 12 categories of food items and average household dietary diversity score is 11.85. Multinomial logistic regression suggests that increase of family size results in the corresponding decrease of food security condition and increase in expenditure on food items increases food security condition.